Heroin Withdrawal Treatment Centers Sacramento California

Drug-Poster-California(1)

 

How does heroin work

Heroin is a potent opioid, but still molecularly similar to the painkillers doctors prescribe to their patients for pain. In general, heroin is about three times stronger than morphine. It’s generally taken in large doses, which means the effects of heroin are much greater than your average painkiller. The major downside to heroin use, besides the potential for overdose, is the rapid onset of tolerance, dependence and addiction.

As heroin enters the brain, it quickly metabolizes into 6-monoacetylmorphine and morphine, which binds to molecules on cells known as opioid receptors. These receptors are located in many areas of the brain (and in the body), especially those involved in the perception of pain and in reward. Opioid receptors are also located in the brain stem, which controls automatic processes critical for life, such as blood pressure, arousal, and respiration.

Heroin overdose frequently involves suppression of breathing. This can affect the amount of oxygen that reaches the brain, a condition called hypoxia. Hypoxia can have short- and long-term psychological and neurological effects, including coma and brain damage.

 

home detox for heroin

 

Heroin Addiction

Heroin use no longer predominates solely in urban areas. Many suburban and rural communities report increasing amounts of heroin seized by officials as well as increasing numbers of overdose deaths due to heroin use. Heroin use is also on the rise in many urban areas among young adults aged 18-25.

Researchers are investigating the effects of heroin addiction on the brain. One result is heroin tolerance, in which more heroin is needed to achieve the same intensity of drug effect. Another result is physical dependence, characterized by the need to continue using heroin to avoid withdrawal symptoms. Studies have also shown some deterioration of the brain’s white matter due to heroin use, which may affect decision-making abilities, the ability to regulate behavior, and responses to stressful situations. It may also be one reason why heroin addicts have such difficulty deciding to quit despite their life falling apart.

 

 

What makes heroin so alluring?

heroin-intoxicationMany experts believe that heroin is the most powerful intoxicant in human history. What’s more…there is no other drug that destroys individuals, families, and communities as thoroughly as heroin. So what is it about heroin that people like? Addicts refer to the allure of heroin as the “whatever effect.” Implying that whatever is bothering them goes away when they use. They could be waiting for a giant asteroid to destroy the earth, but if they were under the influence, it would not bother them. They could await their fate in peace.

 

 

Irony of heroin

This may shock you.

1) Heroin doesn’t get you high, 2) it doesn’t cause physical dependence and (3) there is no such thing as heroin overdose.

This is the irony of heroin. Heroin is a prodrug, which means that heroin produces no neurophysiological effects. That’s right. Absolutely no neurophysiological effects whatsoever. Heroin must first metabolize into another drug before it can intoxicate the user. A split-second after heroin is administered it begins metabolizing into 6-monoacetylmorphine (6MAM) and it is 6MAM that’s responsible for all the acute effects following heroin administration – not heroin.  We also know that 6-MAM does not last very long.  In fact, about 30 minutes after heroin is administered, most of the 6MAM will have metabolized into morphine and that’s why drug test kits don’t test for heroin or 6MAM, but instead test for morphine.

 

 

FDA approved treatments for heroin dependence

Naltrexone, Methadone and Buprenorphine work through the same opioid receptors as heroin , but are safer and less likely to produce anti-social behavior such as criminality.

  1. Naltrexone
  2. Buprenorphine (Zubsolv, Subutex and Suboxone)
  3. Methadone

Naltrexone, which is an opioid antagonist, blocks the action of opioids, is not addictive or sedating, and does not result in physical dependence; however, patients often have trouble complying, and this has limited its effectiveness.

Buprenorphine, which is a partial agonist opioid, relieves drug cravings without producing a “high” or dangerous “side effects” such as sedation and respiratory depression. Buprenorphine is taken sublingually and contains naloxone, which prevents attempts to get high. Buprenorphine also prevents withdrawal symptoms because of its long elimination half-life.

Methadone, which is a slow-acting full agonist opioid, is much less than the “heroin high” and is administered orally unlike heroin which is either, smoked, snorted or administered intravenously. Methadone also prevents withdrawal symptoms because it has a very long elimination half-life.

 

 

Incidence and prevalence of heroin use in California

  1. Incidence of heroin use relates to new cases of heroin use.
  2. Prevalence of heroin use relates to overdose death rates.

Heroin addiction is defined as compulsive use of heroin despite harmful consequences. It is negatively impacting every county in California, both in new cases and overdose deaths. As a result, heroin addiction has become a serious public health and safety problem that seems to be peeking. However it is currently too early to predict when new incidences of heroin use will begin to trend downward.

 

 

Heroin use trends in California

September 2014 – Sacramento California – Governor Jerry Brown signed the pharmacy naloxone bill (AB 1535), which permits pharmacists to furnish the opiate overdose reversal medicine naloxone hydrochloride upon request.

Law enforcement knows that heroin is extremely addictive and once a person is addicted, he or she will stop at almost nothing to obtain more and more heroin, even if that means wrecking a marriage, losing a job, sharing a needle or going to jail. State officials have long recognized that the effects of heroin addiction upon families, parents, spouses, children, employers, and health care systems are serious public health problems. What’s more…the prevalence of heroin overdose is rising dramatically and is wreaking havoc on families throughout the state.

 

 

Stop heroin addiction in California

When it comes to correcting a heroin addiction problem, finding the right addiction treatment center cannot be over emphasized. In fact, picking a treatment center may be the most important decision of your life. National statistics show that addiction treatment centers that use a long-term treatment approach with multiple treatment strategies have the highest rates of heroin addiction recovery.

Heroin use is affecting every county in California especially in the suburbs that border the state’s major urban centers, such as Los Angeles, San Diego and San Francisco. The prevalence of heroin overdose is wreaking havoc on families throughout the state even in the more affluent areas such as Sausalito, Tiburon, Palo Alto, San Rafael, Santa Barbara, Newport Beach, Huntington Beach, Long Beach and Manhattan Beach.

An effective heroin addiction treatment strategy requires balancing the needs and concerns of the patient, public health and safety and the medical community. Health statistics show that treatment centers that use a long-term treatment approach with multiple treatment modalities have the highest rates of recovery. Fortunately, the California State Attorney General has a special interest in this area and has pledged resources to fund the public awareness component of a comprehensive treatment approach to reduce the misuse and abuse of controlled substances including prescription painkillers and heroin.

The Office of the Attorney General is collaborating with other states such as Arizona, Nevada and Oregon along with public officials from the Federal government at both the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) in an effort to reduce the use of highly addictive prescription painkillers and illicit narcotics like heroin (diacetylmorphine).

 

Heroin Rehab Centers in California

1) Fresh Start Programs         

San Diego, California

Phone: 1-855-734-2223

 

2) Orange County Detox        

546 Hamilton Street

Costa Mesa, California 92627

Phone: 1-800-871-2020

 

3) American Recovery Center         

2180 Valley Blvd Pomona, CA.

Phone: 1-909-865-2336

 

4) Marin Services for Men         

1005 A Street San Rafael, CA 94901

Phone: 1-415-485-6736

 

5) Tarzana Treatment Center 

18646 Oxnard Street Tarzana, CA 91356

Phone: 1-888-777-8565

 

6) Ohlhoff Recovery Programs         

601 Steiner St San Francisco, CA

Phone: 1-877-677-4543

 

7) Cottage Hospital         

316 W Montecito St Santa Barbara, CA

Phone: 1-805-687-6681

 

8) Whiteside Manor         

2743 Orange Street Riverside, CA 92501

Phone: 1-951-686-9454

 

9) My Family Incorporated (MFI)

5870 Arlington Avenue Riverside, CA 92504

Phone: 1-800-923-5634

 

10) Genesis House, Inc.         

Genesis House I

1149 Warren Avenue Vallejo, CA 94591

Phone: 1-707-552-5295

 

11) Azure Acres/CRC Health         

2264 Green Hill Road Sebastopol, CA 95472

Phone: 1-707-823-3385

 

NIDA

The National Institute on Drug Abuse indicated that active participation in treatment is an essential component for good outcomes and can benefit even the most severely addicted individuals. The best way to recover from heroin addiction is in a residential environment. Optimally, a treatment program should last 90-days in duration or longer. Studies indicate that inpatient heroin addiction recovery centers that use a long-term comprehensive treatment approach have the highest rates of recovery.

 

 
how heroin works